Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Because we live in a computer-driven world, it's probably not that surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan comes down to one number.
Credit reporting agencies use your history of paying loans in order to compile this score.
Each of the three credit agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following in building your score:
- Your Credit History - Have you had credit for many years, or for just a short time?
- History of Payments - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts? How much do you owe?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Most people getting a mortgage in the current environment have a score above 620.
Your score affects how much you pay in interest every month
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Improving your score
Is there any way to raise your credit score? Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. You should remove any incorrect reporting from your credit report, which is the only way to quickly improve your credit score.
Know your FICO score
To improve your score, you must get the credit reports that are used to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac, the corporation that offered the first FICO score, offers FICO scores on myFICO.com. It's inexpensive to quickly get your FICO score from all three agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are helpful information and tools that can help you improve your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report every year from the three major credit reporting agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Armed with this info, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about credit scores? Call us at 877-310-6200.